46° 46° chance Sat 54° Sat 54° patchy 32° 32° chance Sun 48° Sun 48°
Tuesday, February 28th, 2017

Local forts were key in early settlements

By Sydney Albert

John Eric Vining speaks at the Shanes Crossing Historical Society meeting on Mon. . .

ROCKFORD - John Vining, a historical author from Willshire, spoke Monday at the Shanes Crossing Historical Society meeting on the importance of forts in Ohio during the early settlement period.
"This area was a main Army thoroughfare during at least three different wars," he said. "Three different Armies came right through here, going from one fort to another."
Vining said three different types of forts existed in the area: military forts, civilian forts and trading outposts. Essentially, he said, the Army would come through and blaze a trail, establish supply routes and defensive positions and then traders and civilians would follow soon after.
Military forts were better planned out. He described the military forts as having important roles in fortification and politics as well as playing a psychological role against Native Americans.
"When (Gen. "Mad" Anthony) Wayne would conquer something, he'd build a fort right on the place where he'd had the battle just to show the Indians, 'We beat you and we're coming to take your land,' " Vining said.
He described Wayne's 1794 campaign against Native Americans. Some of the forts he created that remain as communities are Fort Recovery, which he built to prove the United States could recover from defeat, and Fort Wayne, Indiana.
During his research, Vining found that most of the old forts in Ohio and Indiana roughly aligned with the borders drawn up by the Treaty of Greenville and were initially designed to keep the Native Americans to the north during the settlement period.
Vining also briefly discussed some lesser-known points of local history, including the Indiana Rangers. He said the famous Texas Rangers, who came later, were actually based on the Indiana Rangers.
"They were literally a cavalry force who were based out of some civilian forts," he said. "We have a little piece of local history that a lot of people don't know about that's actually very important - for Texas at least."
Additional online stories on this date
MINSTER - District officials are proceeding with plans to improve the junior/senior high school building.
School board members on Monday approved [More]
MINSTER - In three previous overtime games this season, including a four-overtime classic against Fort Recovery, Minster had come out on the losing end of the outcome. [More]
Subscriber only stories on this date
Celina fire protection rating upgraded
St. Marys seeks funds for major street work
Celina cheerleader adviser protests her non-renewal
St. Henry considers increasing utility rates
Sewer separation project progresses
Area mayors worry about governor's income tax plan
Mercer MRDD appreciation dinner planned to mark 50th anniversary
St. Marys bomb threat a hoax
Lakefield Airport meeting changed
Luebke sharp in spring debut